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Too much Use of Intelligence / Non use of emotion

When you do intellectual work, it does not necessarily mean that you are using your intelligence. Intellectual work too is mechanical. Once you acquire the know-how, no intelligence is required at all, the mind works just like a Computer. The real problem is not the use of too much intelligence but the non-use of emotion. Emotion is completely disregarded in our civilization, so the balance is lost and a lopsided personality develops. If emotion is also used, then and a there is no imbalance.

A balance of emotion and intellect must be maintained in the proper ratio, Otherwise the whole personality gets diseased. Emotions and intellect are like two wings, when we use only one wing outcome will be frustration. Actually, the personality is flowing energy, when energy is used in a logic way it becomes intelligence, and when it is not used logically but emotionally, it becomes the heart. These are two separate things, but the same energy flowing through two different channels.

Every genius has a child in him; no genius can exist without a child inside him. This child is the source of all his energy. Because of the child inside him, sometimes he can be a novice, sometimes he totally ignorant, a mathematician who turns to poetry is never a loser. He comes back to his mathematics with a pure mind, with new experiences that are unknown to mathematics.

Give both sides of the mind an opportunity to express them freely, always balance the two. Live in these two complementary, compartments, the intellect and the emotions. They are not contradictory, only appear so because we have been living at one extreme and have become fixated there. Every moment comes with bliss of its own, otherwise life becomes a burden. But life is not responsible for this; we alone are responsible because the Choice lies with us.

Mastering Secretarial Practice: A Guide to Efficiency and Excellence


Secretarial practice is a vital component of any successful organization. Secretaries are the backbone of administrative operations, playing a crucial role in ensuring smooth communication, organization, and productivity within a company. "A secretary or personal assistant is not just a note-taker; they are the silent orchestrators of a smooth workflow. In this blog, we will explore the world of secretarial practice, its importance, key responsibilities, and tips to excel in this role.

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Keep your Immune system stronger

This is human nature as we try and see positive side of things as this is the only way through which we canbring improvements in our lives and the world. Strong immune system plays a vital role to develop a positive outlook in life. Suggesting following tips to make immune system stronger.

Emphasis on a diet of plant-based foods brings in a life lower risk of getting severely ill. So including lots of vegetables and fruits in your diet. Then regular moderate physical activity optimizes your immune function. Prolonged physical exertion may prove as disruptive to our normal immune function as complete Physical inactivity. So aim for 10-30 minutes of exercise every day to set the immune benefits. Also, drink plenty of water as it helps drain waste and deliver nutrients, the process that our immune system relies on. Like exercise, sleep affects immunity in many varied ways. A consistent good sleep of 7-8 hours each night lowers risk of infection. It is equally important to harness our mind Power as Chronic Stress can sap our defences and destroy immune cells. So, fill your life with opportunities to get away from anxiety by passing yourselves into positive space. Similarly, Positive Social Connections have been linked to reduced chronic stress and a stronger resistance to disease.

Also, spending time outdoors not only gives you a chance to breathe fresh air but also benefits your immune system

With as the best wishes for you to keep safe, healthy and attain Success in



कही अच्छी सोच है
तो कही बुरी सोच है।
कही झूठी सोच है
तो कही खरी सोच है।
सोच बदलो और विचार बदलो,
हौसलों से संसार बदलो
क्यों? छोटी होती जा रही है सोच
सोच का आकार बदलो।
जब बदलेगी सोच
तो बदलेगा समाज
तब बदलेगी दुनिया
ये रीति रिवाज ।

सोच हमारे स्वभाव की मूल प्रतिलिपि है।सोच एवं विचार ही व्यक्ति के जीवन पर गहराप्रभाव डालते है।विचारो की ताकत को किसी भी ताकत से नही दबाया जा सकता।हमारीसोच हमारे मस्तिष्क पर असर डालती है।हमारे विचार हमारे व्यक्तित्व और जीवनको आकार देते है।

यह मानवीय स्वभाव कि विशेषता है कि जैसी हमारी सोच होती है हम उन्हीं के अनुरूपविचार करते है।हमारे विचार ही कृत्य में बदलते है,इस लिहाज में सोच,विचार और कर्म कायह चक्र आपस मे इस तरह जुड़े है कि चाहकर भी व्यक्ति अपनी सोच या विचार कदम नही उठा सकता।

सोच दो प्रकार की होती है सकारात्मक और नकारात्मक।

यदि सोच सकारात्मक हो तो जीवन में हर क्षेत्र मे सफलता एवम सुखी जीवन को पाया जा सकता है।इतना ही नहीं सकारात्मक विचार एवं भावनाएं शरीर में एक नयी ऊर्जा व एंटी बॉडी क्षमता में वृद्धि करती हैं व आत्मविश्वास बढ़ाती हैं।

सकारात्मक सोच के प्रभाव: * मानसिकता अच्छी बनती है।
* सामाजिक दृष्टिकोण बदलता है।
* उद्देश्यों की पूर्ति सहज होती है।
* आध्यात्मिकता बढ़ती है।
* स्वास्थ्य सुधरता है।
* अच्छा चरित्र तयार होता है।
* जीवन अच्छा बनाता है।
अंत में,

यदि आप इंद्रधनुष्य चाहते है तो आपको बारिश को सहना होगा।आप जहां है वहा भला करे,यह अच्छाइयों के वे छोटे_छोटे टुकड़े है जो दुनिया को अभिभूत कर देते है।

सौ.हर्षा उमेश बांठिया
हिंदी विभाग

Gurur Brahma Gurur Vishnu

The term “Guru Purnima” compares the guru to the full moon. The full moon has an attraction and magnetism that uplifts our mind. A true disciple should maintain faith, reverence and devotion to the Sadguru every moment. The birth anniversary of Maharshi Ved Vyas has been set aside as Ger purnima - a special day to the guru.

The disciple is identified with the body but- desires to realize that he is the true self. Even though Sunlight Shines everywhere, to light the Kitchen stove one need a match or a spark. Likewise, for the darkness within a disciple to be removed, his internal lamp needs to be lit. The guru is like the shining flame of an oil lamp that lights the disciple's inner lamp and thus, removes his inner darkness of ignorance. There is a mirror within you- that is the Sadguru.

Human birth and having a Sadguru are the two greatest fortunes one can ever achieve. If we are blessed with these, we shouldn't waste our life Pursuing material pleasure alone. We should also try to attain the highest goal of life-freedom from all bondage, self realization. It is our effort that finally opens us up to divine grace.

Jai Sadguru

Power of Positive Thinking

Say to yourself “worry is just a very bad mental habit and I can change any habit with God's help.”

Pray, using this formula, "I place this day, my life, loved ones, my work in the Lord's hands. There is no harm in the lord's hands, only good. Whatever happens, whatever results, if I am in the Lord's hand, it is the Lord's will and it is good.” -Cultivate friendship with hopeful people, surround yourself with friends who think positive, faith producing thoughts and who contribute to a creative atmosphere. This will keep you re stimulated with faith attitudes.

Get a Correct mental attitude, remembering that easy or difficult in your work depends upon how you think about it. Think it's hard and you make it hard. Think it's easy and it tends to become easy.

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God in Everything


We have seen how the greater portion of our life must of necessity be filled with evils, however may resist and that this mass of evil is practically almost infinite for us. We have been struggling to remedy this since the beginning of time, yet everything remains very much the same. The more we discover remedies, the more we find ourselves besets by subtler evils. We have also seen that all religions propose a God, as the one way of escaping these difficulties. All religions tell us that if you take the world as it is, as most practical people would advise us to do in this age, then nothing would be left to us but evil. They further assert that there is something beyond this world. This life in the five senses, life in the material world, is not all, it is only a small portion and merely superficial. Behind and beyond is the infinite in which there is no more evil. Some people call it god, some Allah, some Jehovah, Jove and so on.

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One cannot be constantly happy especially without basis. Happiness is often seen as a state of mind without worries or negative emotions. Till date we don't have a universal definition of happiness. In Some eastern models, happiness is associated with peace of mind and inner harmony. Similarly, we also have Indian perspectives on happiness such as sat-chit-anand which lead to anandamay - a state of mind. Our research shows that there are different components to people's view of happiness, be it positive emotions, life satisfaction, healthy family ties, work and accomplishment of favorable outlook (optimism). Absence of any significant health or Social Problem can help in achieving happiness.

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मोह क्षणाचा

एका शाळेतील एक शिक्षक सेवानिवृत्त झाले.तेंव्हा शासनाने तालुक्यातीलच एका नविन शिक्षकाची नेमणूक केली.ते शिक्षक त्या शाळेत रुजू होण्यासाठी एस.टी.बसने निघाले,कंडक्टरला पैसे दिले.आणि तो जागेवर बसला.कंडक्टरने तिकिटाचे पैसे घेतले व उरलेली रक्कम शिक्षकाला परत केली.तेंव्हा त्याच्या असे लक्षात आले की,त्यात 10 रु जास्त आले आहेत.

दुर्बद्धी ते मना।कदा नुपजे नारायणा।।{तु}

शिक्षकांने असा विचार केला की आता कंडक्टर घाईत आहे.आपण थोड्या वेळाने पैसे परत करुया,काही वेळ झाला तरी कंडक्टर अजुनही कामातच होता.शिक्षकाच्या मनात दुसर्यंदा विचार आला की ,कंडक्टर घाईतच आहे.तर त्याला 10 रु परत केले काय अन नाही काय त्याला काय फरक पडेल?10 रु आपणास लाभ झाला असे समजू.आपण याचा काहीतरी सदुपयोग करु.

शिक्षकाच्या मनात असे द्वंद्व चालु असतानाच शाळेचे गाव आले.एस.टी.तून उतरताना अचानक शिक्षकाचा हात खिशाकडे गेला.आणि त्यातून 10 रुपयाची नोट बाहेर आली व कंडक्टरला परत केली.व शिक्षक म्हणाले,अहो!तुम्ही मला घाईगडबडीत 10 रु जास्त दिले होते.

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How to create your own happiness

Who decides whether you shall be happy or unhappy? The answer you do. You can be unhappy if you want to be. Simple, just choose unhappiness ,go around telling yourself that things aren’t going well, nothing is satisfactory ,and you can be quite sure of being unhappy .But say to yourself. “Things are going nicely .Life is good .I choose happiness ”and you can be quite sure of being happy.

To become a happy person ,one must have a clean soul out of the happiness habit comes a happy life .And because we can cultivate a habit ,we therefore have the power to create our own happiness .Many of us manufacture our own happiness. The unhappiness –producing process always makes important use of to ingredients of fear and worry. Make a list of Happy thoughts and pass them through your mind several times everyday .If an unhappiness thought should enter your mind ,immediately stop ,consciously eject it ,and substitute a happiness thought .When awake you from bed ,say loudly this sentence – “I feel good physically and mentally and emotionally at is wonderful to be alive .I thank god for every good thing .Happiness is a sincere expression of compassion and tenderness.

This life bubbled up in an irrepressible effervescence .This is the secret of happiness. All else is secondary.

By, Mr.S.N.Patil
Principal, SBPCSC

What is the purpose of life? Why should we practice yoga or any meditation technique or discipline? What should one's mission in life be?

Life is a Mystery which cannot be solved. It if could be solved, it would not be a mystery. There is no mission in a mystery. There can simply be playfulness; a leela this whole existence is just a play of energy. Play means something that is purposeless or something that is its own purpose, There is nothing to be achieved and life has no mission, because living itself is the achievement. So you can live in many ways, you can do many things. It is all just an outflow of energy, a purposeless cosmic play. That is why it is a mystery.

The west is more intent on discovering new things than the east. It is most curious, most enquiring, but it could never develop a religious consciousness because it could never conceive of life as being Purposeless. We have been able to see sense in nonsense, we have been able to see no purpose as having its own purpose, its own intrinsic value, life is that’s all. Existence is;it is enough. A serious person can never be religious. The spiritual person is always playful, this life is Just play. He is not serious about any thing that he does.

Every type of invention, every discovery, always comes out of playfulness. Einstein, Archimedes, newton were all playing. Many things happen when you are not serious, when you are not concentrating, when your mind is in a let go.Newton was Sitting under An apple tree. An apple Fell. Something happened Archimedes was lying in his bath tub, and something happened. Einstein was very fond of playing with soap bubbles and concepts of expanding universe came to him watching bubbles expanding and dissolving.

So the first thing is to play with your life. Then So many phenomenal things happen. Religion, Science, art- everything comes out of non serious, playful mind.

-With thanks from

Candid Narratives and Social Reflections: E. R. Braithwaite's Writing Journey

Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

E. R. Braithwaite, a renowned writer and educator, left an indelible mark on literature with his distinctive writing style. His works often reflect his own experiences and observations, particularly his experiences as a black man in a racially segregated society. His writing is marked by a combination of personal narrative, social commentary, and a commitment to addressing important issues.

In many ways, Braithwaite's life experiences served as both the backdrop and the driving force behind his writing. Born in British Guiana (now Guyana) in 1912, he faced racial discrimination and prejudice throughout his life. This influenced his keen understanding of social dynamics, inequality, and the challenges faced by marginalized individuals. His decision to write about these issues was not only a form of personal expression but also a way to bring attention to societal injustices.

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Ethical Principles in life

The Vedanta teaches men to have faith in themselves first. The greatest error, says the Vedanta, is to say that you are weak, sinner, a miserable creature, and that you have no power and you cannot do ‘this and that’. In fact no men become purer and purest; it is a matter of greatest manifestation.

The ideal of faith in ourselves is of the greatest help to us. If faith in ourselves had been more extensively taught and practiced, I am sure a very large portion of the evils and miseries that we have would have vanished. Throughout the history of mankind, if any motive power has been more potent than another in the lives of all great men & women, it is that of faith in them. He is an atheist who does not believe in himself. Love for you means love for all, love for animals, and love for everything. For behind you is the ocean of infinite power and blessedness.

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Blog on Nanotechnology

Dr. Sachin R. Suryawanshi

The introduction of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by Prof. Ijima,[1] followed by exponential rise in the research activities pertaining to synthesis and characterization of varieties of nanomaterials, development of novel devices based on these nanomaterials, has resulted in emergence of a new field termed as "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology". Although nanoscience might simply be seen as a natural progression from the sub-micron scale engineering responsible for the development of microelectronics and computing industries, it is not merely the trend towards higher levels of miniaturization. Moreover, the wealth of novel physical, chemical and biological behavior exhibited by virtue of the nanometric dimensions makes nanoscience fundamentally exciting and technologically relevant area of research. Instead of dealing with an ‘infinitely’ extended solid or individual atoms and molecules, nanoscience is concerned with the properties, interactions and processing of units containing a countable number of atoms[1-4].

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-In every challenging time in life hope is the only way forward. Remember that everything around us is constantly changing. Everything here is temporary. Always think that this phase will pass as others in the past have. Nature never gives us a problem that cannot be handled. There is an energy that is always caring for you. When you connect with this loving, benevolent force, fear vanishes and you develop immense strength and depth.

-When worried and stressed the body immunity drops, making us more vulnerable. Science says when we panic, the “AMYGDALA”, the emotional management mechanism of the brain, gets hijacked. What creates panic is the fear of losing control of life and the future outcome of actions reflect on your own life and be grateful for the courage that helped you overcome life’s challenges. Gratitude expands our consciousness. Blame games and complaints deplete it. Have the faith that every experience in life, good or bad, helps you to grow.

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Dear Readers,

Every problem can solved and solved right if youpray. Disability ,tension and kindred troubles may result from a lack of inner harmony .It is remarkable how pray restores the harmonious functioning of body and soul.It is rightly said that you can’t meet man physically healthy until you get him spiritually healthy. Prayer is the greatest power available to the individual in solving human personal problems.Prayer power is manifestation of energy.

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Some moral precepts to our Youth

The first great thing to accomplish is to establish a Character. Truth, Purity and unselfishness - Wherever these are present, there is no power below or above the sun to crush the possessor thereof. Equipped with these one individual is able to face the whole Universe in opposition.

Neither money Pays, nor name, nor fame, nor learning, it is character that can break through adamantine Walls of difficulties. Bear this in mind. Expansion is life, Construction is death, Love is life, and hatred is death. Let's calmly and in a mainly fashion go to work, instead of dissipating our energy in unnecessary fretting and fuming. The past was great no doubt, but I sincerely believe that the future will be more glorious still.

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Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

Ms. Amita Subhash Yemtellu

Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

Acoustics is the branch of science, that deals with the study of sound. The study includes the production, control, transmission, reception, and effects of sound. The term “acoustics” is derived from the Greek word akoustikos, meaning “audible.”

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Money does not pay, nor name, fame does not pay, nor learning. It is love that pays; it is character that cleaves its way through adamantine walls of difficulties.

Be moral, be brave, be a heart- whole man, don’t bother your head with religious theories. Cowards only sin, brave men never, no, not even in mind. Try to love anybody and everybody. No religion for you, but morality and bravery. Nothing else is necessary but sincerity and patience.

The road to the good is the roughest and steepest in the universe. It is wondered that so many succeed, no wonder that so many fall. characters has to be established through a thousands stumbles. Therefore, stand up, be bold, and be strong. Take the whole responsibility on your own shoulders and know that you are the creator of your own destiny. The miseries of the world cannot be cured by Physical help only. Until man's nature changes, these physical needs will always arise, and miseries will always be felt and no amount of physical help will cure them completly. The only solution of this problem is to make mankind pure.

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Acharya Devo Bhava

Learning is never –ending process and the best teacher don’t give you the answer ,they spark within you the desire to find the answer yourself.

विनयफल शुश्रूषा गुरुशुश्रूषाफल श्रू तं ज्ञानम |
ज्ञानस्य फलं विरती : विरतीफल चाक्षवनिरोध :||

It means Modesty yields serice , service to the Guru yields knowledge, knowledge yields detachment and detachment yields salvation.

विनय का फल सेवा है, गुरुसेवा का फल ज्ञान है ,
ज्ञान का फल विरक्ती है ,और विरक्ती
का फल बंधनमुक्ती तथा मोक्ष है |

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God is the ultimate source ofall energy –energy in the universe and spiritual energy. Really every form of energy drives from the creator.

Increasingly people are realizing that the maintenance of a sound spiritual life is important in enjoyingenergy and personality force. The body designed to produce all needed energy over body from the standpoint of proper diet, exercise ,slip amazinglylong period of time.If the individual taken reasonable care ,no physical abuse ,the body will produce and maintain astonishing energy and sustain itself in good health. If person gives attention to a well balanced emotional life, energy will be conserved .But if individual allows energy leaks caused by hereditary or self imposedemotional reaction of debilitating nature ,person will be lacking in vital force. The natural state of the individual when body ,mind and spirit work harmoniously is that of a continuous replacement of necessary energy.

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Towards the happiness

Gulzar, a famous lyricist said – Is it possible to find a Universal definition of happiness or even define it? It is the feeling that holds the meaning, not the fact of its existence .It’s a need for nations to enable their citizens to experience the full blossoming of their freedoms ,to shed their anxiety and fears, and to live a life with a sense of purpose committed to a good larger than oneself to attain happiness.

What sh. Dalai lama said-

The purpose of life is to be happy. The key to happiness is peace of mind. This is not something that can be bought .We need to learn to distinguish the destructive nature of emotions like anger fear and attachment which disturb our peace of mind, from the positive qualities of compassion that are genuine sources of happiness.
The ultimate sources of happiness is a mental feeling of joy. and not a wealth of material goods.
If a person is happier, his or her family is happier, if families are happy ,neighborhoods and nations will be happy.

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The Evolution of Indian English Novels: From Rajmohan to Rushdie

Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

The Indian tradition of the novel in English has a rich and diverse history that spans over a century. While English was introduced to India during the British colonial period, it was in the 20th century that Indian writers began to explore the medium of the novel to express their experiences, perspectives, and reflections on Indian society and culture.

This tradition took its first significant step with the publication of "Rajmohan’s Wife," serialized in 'The Indian Field' and penned by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyaya, marking the birth of the Indian English novel. It was an extraordinary beginning that paved the way for a diverse literary landscape, which continues to thrive today.

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“Realization of Universal Religions”

Mr. S.N.Patil, Principal, SBPCSC

As our social struggle are represented among different nations by different social organization, so is man’s spiritual struggle represented by various religions and as different social organization are constantly quarreling, are constantly at war with one another, so there spiritual organization have been constantly at war with one another constantly quarreling.

Though there is nothing that has brought to man more blessings than religions, yet at the same time, there is nothing that has brought more horror than religion. Nothing has made more for peace and love than religion; nothing has engendered fiercer hatred than religion.

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Let's work on Positivity

Various sorts of worship we see in this world. The sick man is very worshipful to God. There is a man who loses his fortune; he also prays very much to get money. The highest worship is that of the man who loves God for God's sake. Then question arise as how to attain purity living this life? Shall we all go to the forest caves? If the mind is not under control, it is no use living in a cave because same mind will bring all disturbances there. We will find multiple devils in the cave because all the devils are in the mind. If the mind is under control, he can have the cave anywhere, wherever we are.

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Education-at a glance

In India,we often tend to focus disproportionately on academic success alone, which is a subset of the far larger universe of Education is not about academic success alone,it is journey of self discovery,as well as discovery of the world that we inhibit.A good education is the most basic form of empowerment in life.It makes a person self –reliant, sensitive towards the laws and the constitution.

Education helps a person to understand himself /herself better, it help to realise potential and qualities as a human being. Education, in fact,transformsan individual into a cultured human being .Students learn not only from the academic curriculum but also learn social rules and expectations from interactions with other.

Children develop in all respects as they grow physically and mentally . Education differentiate human being from the other species by education. Education is a foundation for the development and progress of any society. It is a base upon which the whole edifice of human development stands.

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Positive emotions enhance and enrich the motivational and emotional resources.

Negative emotions solve problems of threat and survival whereas positive emotions solve problems concerning personal growth and development, as it brings about enduring and refreshing personal resources.

Positive emotions further result in the development of optimism, identify and goal orientation, social resources like strengthening of bonds of relations, developing coordination and health.

A spiritual person, filled with positive emotions become more creative and highly successful in the leading process. The beauty of the positive emotion is that surpasses the limitation set by the self.

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The future of India

part I

Our ancestors were great; we must first recall that we must learn the elements of our being, the blood that courses in our veins we must have faith in that blood and what it did in the past. Out of that faith and consciousness of past greatness, we must build an India yet greater than what it has been. There have been periods of decay and degradation, such period have been necessary. A might tree produces a beautiful ripe fruit. That fruit falls on the ground, it decays and rots, and out of that decay springs the root and the future tree, perhaps mightier than the first one. This period decays through which we have passed were all the more necessary.

The problems in India are more complicated, more momentous than the problems in any other country Race, religion, language, government – all these together make a nation. The Aryan, the Dravidians, the Tartar, the Mughal pouring their blood into this land of languages, the most wonderful conglomeration is here, of manners and customs there is more difference between two Indians races than between the European and the eastern races.

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Mrs. Anjumara Ramjan Mulla,
March 21, 2022

Technology has a great impact in almost every aspect of life today, and education is no exception. In some ways, education seems much the same as it has been for many years. In early 1900’s Rabindranath Tagore school in Shantniiketan. The scene is easily recognizable because of its parallels to the modern day. The teacher lectures from a stage at the front the students sit in rows and listen. Some of the students have books open in front of them and appear to be following the teacher. A few look bored. Some are talking to their neighbors. One appears to be fighting with his things.
Classrooms today do not look much different, though you might find modern students involved in their laptops, tablets, or smart phones instead of books (though probably open to Facebook). A critic would say that technology has done nothing to change education.


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Spectrum of life during covid-19 outbreak

Dear Readers,

It’s a tough time for me at the outset of lockdown as how to manage free time at home since world has not prepared at all to cope up with this worst situation.

After few days, I realised and said myself this time testing span of life requires to keep your sanity alive despite of all the uncertainty.

I began to obsess this free space with spiritual, social and to improve professional activities. It includes reading of multiple spiritual based books(once I have decided to read these books during retirement days),communication with old friends ,relatives, family members along balancing with jobs, roles and responsibilities(work from home).Of course to listen and crooning good songs and music is a fulcrum of my life every time. I always felt that present situation is freedom in times of uncertainty and unseen fear. But show must go on.

A renowned Saint said “Change is the unchanging law of life”. If we are prepared for the unexpected and the unknown, then we can turn any adversity into an opportunity and any failure into success.

It is not a time of dejection, frustration or unproductive worry. Believe your mind(mental health) .It can support in worsen situation and therefore just ensure that our mind should be in sound state and free from prior impression and core contamination.

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Towards the happiness

We are born happy as a child, but some how struggle to hold on to this blissful state as we grow older. True happiness is a blissful state of mind.Till the time we identify ourselves with our body, mind and possessions, we are bound to be caught in the web of fear, illusion, attachment and ego.

We tend to take things for granted, expecting more and more, which becomes a reason for our misery, oxygen for instance, was never taken as serious a blessing as it was when we faced it’s shortage during the COVID-19 pandemic. We need to be thankful for the in finite gifts we already have. Gratitude bestows immense happiness, both to the giver and receiver when offered with a pure heart. This kind of offering becomes “Seva” selfless service, rather than invoking a feeling of ego or arrogance.

The second aspect that disturbs our happiness is hatred and animosity towards others. When we become aware of our true identity, which is beyond our cast, colour, race, religion or nationality, all of the above vices vanish, giving way to pure love and compassion.

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Society and Education.

The Education which does not help the common mass of people to equip themselves for the struggle for life, which does not bring out strength of characters, is it worth the name? Real education is that which enables one to stand on one's own legs. The education that you are receiving now in schools and colleges is only making you a race of dyspeptics. You are working like machines merely.

Getting by heart the thoughts of others in a foreign language, and stuffing your brain with them and taking some university degrees, you consider yourself educated? Is this education? What is the goal of your education? What good will it do you or the country at large? Open your eyes and see what a piteous cry for food is rising in the land of Bharata, proverbial for its wealth. Will your education fulfill this requirement?

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ULSI Technology

By, Mrs. Prajakta Joshi

The miniaturization of integrated devices causes improvement in microelectronics such as mobile phone, i-pod and many kinds of so called “IT products”. There is no doubt that the progress of recent Information Technology is due to improvement of the electronics, especially by the Silicon based Ultra Large Scale Integrated (ULSI) circuit technology. The improvement of ULSI has been achieved by reducing its components size such as Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MOSFET) [1].

It is well known that Silicon dioxide film (SiO2) is the most common material as gate insulator film for MOSFET. It has proven that SiO2 gate film has become thin, however extremely thin gate oxide has large leakage current by direct-tunneling of electrons [2].Now the thickness of SiO2 reached sub-nm. Reduction in oxide thickness produces leakage current & such values would not be acceptable for devices which operated by low power voltages [2]. SiO2 gate oxide film reaches its theoretical & practical limit so that an alternative material gate insulator is needed.

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