PIMPRI CHINCHWAD EDUCATION TRUST'S

S. B. PATIL COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND COMMERCE

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    The future of India

    part I

    Our ancestors were great; we must first recall that we must learn the elements of our being, the blood that courses in our veins we must have faith in that blood and what it did in the past. Out of that faith and consciousness of past greatness, we must build an India yet greater than what it has been. There have been periods of decay and degradation, such period have been necessary. A might tree produces a beautiful ripe fruit. That fruit falls on the ground, it decays and rots, and out of that decay springs the root and the future tree, perhaps mightier than the first one. This period decays through which we have passed were all the more necessary.

    The problems in India are more complicated, more momentous than the problems in any other country Race, religion, language, government – all these together make a nation. The Aryan, the Dravidians, the Tartar, the Mughal pouring their blood into this land of languages, the most wonderful conglomeration is here, of manners and customs there is more difference between two Indians races than between the European and the eastern races.

    The one common ground that we have is our sacred tradition, our religions. That is the only common ground, and upon that we shall have to build. The unity in religions is absolutely necessary as the first condition of the future of India. To the Indian mind there is nothing higher than religions ideals that are the keynote of Indian life and we can only work in the line of least resistance with the giving up of quarrels all other improvements will come. Whether life blood is strong and pure, no disease germ can live in that body. Our life blood is spirituality.

    Written with thanks

    from Vivekananda reader.

    “Realization of Universal Religions”

    Mr. S.N.Patil, Principal, SBPCSC

    As our social struggle are represented among different nations by different social organization, so is man’s spiritual struggle represented by various religions and as different social organization are constantly quarreling, are constantly at war with one another, so there spiritual organization have been constantly at war with one another constantly quarreling.

    Though there is nothing that has brought to man more blessings than religions, yet at the same time, there is nothing that has brought more horror than religion. Nothing has made more for peace and love than religion; nothing has engendered fiercer hatred than religion.

    Nothing has made the brotherhood of man more tangible than religion; nothing has bred more bitter enmity between man & man than religion. Nothing has built more charitable institutions, more hospital for men and even for animals, than religion, There is a tremendous life-power in all the great religions of the world. Every religion has a soul behind it. All these religions are different forces in the economy of God, working for the good of mankind. You have seen that each religions is living from time to time it may retrograde or go forward. The ideal which every religion represents is never lost, and so every religion is intelligently on the march. As the universal brotherhood of man already exists, so also is universal religion. The greater number of seats, the more chances of people getting religions.

    -If there ever is going to be an ideal religion, it must be broad and large enough to supply food for various different thoughts of mind. It must supply the strength of philosophy to the philosopher, the devotees’ heart to the worshipper, to the ritualism; it will give all that the most marvelous symbolism can convey. To make such a broad religion, we shall have to go back to the time when religion began and take them all in

    -From the diary of Swami Vivekananda.


    ULSI Technology

    By, Mrs. Prajakta Joshi

    The miniaturization of integrated devices causes improvement in microelectronics such as mobile phone, i-pod and many kinds of so called “IT products”. There is no doubt that the progress of recent Information Technology is due to improvement of the electronics, especially by the Silicon based Ultra Large Scale Integrated (ULSI) circuit technology. The improvement of ULSI has been achieved by reducing its components size such as Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (MOSFET) [1].

    It is well known that Silicon dioxide film (SiO2) is the most common material as gate insulator film for MOSFET. It has proven that SiO2 gate film has become thin, however extremely thin gate oxide has large leakage current by direct-tunneling of electrons [2].Now the thickness of SiO2 reached sub-nm. Reduction in oxide thickness produces leakage current & such values would not be acceptable for devices which operated by low power voltages [2]. SiO2 gate oxide film reaches its theoretical & practical limit so that an alternative material gate insulator is needed.

    A solution to the problem is to find materials with high dielectric constants (high-k) & high band gap relative to SiO2. High-k oxides are good candidates for the replacement of SiO2 at CMOS devices since there is a great demand for downscaling.

    Selecting an alternate gate dielectric is:

    i) High dielectric constant, band gap and barrier height.
    ii) High thermodynamic stability on Si.
    ii) High interface quality, High level of film Morphology
    iv)Gate compatibility
    v) Material compatibility with processing of CMOS devices
    vi) Long term reliability

    As the density of electronic devices have increased rapidly the dielectric thin films for the gate oxide of MOSFET, capacitor of dynamic random access memory (DRAM), and insulating layers in thin film electroluminescent devices require high dielectric constant (high-k) and low leakage current simultaneously [3].However most of the high-k materials showed poor insulating properties due to their smaller barrier height compare to Si [4]. A large barrier height at the electrode/high-k dielectric interface is important because this barrier height minimizes the leakage current [5]. Memory capacitor and gate applications both need alternate high-k dielectrics to achieve higher capacitance densities.

    Solution to this problem is synthesize large charge storage capacitance with low leakage current by combining high leakage barrier materials and high-k materials such as Al2O3-HfO2, Al2O3–TiO2, Al2O3–Ta2O5, and HfO2–Ta2O5 called Bi-layer. In order to improve the permittivity of Al2O3, the feasible way is to fabricate Al2O3-High-k (HfO2) composite films. As a composite thin film, the addition of HfO2 with Al2O3 can improve leakage current. To maintain the improved electrical properties of the Al2O3 & HfO2 bi-layer for enhanced charge capacitance without increase of leakage current, upper electrode materials and post heat treatments after electrode formation must be selected carefully. [5].

    HfO2 is a leading candidate among the high dielectric constant (high-k) materials to replace SiO2. The HfO2 with a dielectric constant 20-25 is a promising material with a band gap 5.8. Al2O3 with large band-gap 8.8eVwhich help to reduce the tunneling current. Al2O3 is technologically important material due to its excellent thermal and chemical stability. These properties make Al2O3 attractive in the microelectronics and thin film device industry as an ion barrier, and protective coating [6]. We will find the incorporation of HfO2 with Al2O3 for the composite bi-layer for DRAMs. High leakage current is a major problem for memory capacitor applications. Amorphous SiO2 has one of the highest resistivities of any material at ~10 18 cm [7]. Al2O3 have resistivity close to SiO2. Other high-k materials have much lower resistivities. focus on amorphous HfO2 & Al2O3 materials because amorphous materials do not contain grain boundaries or dislocations that can trap charge & offer diffusion for leakage current. We will optimize single layer thin film formation of Al2O3 and HfO2 and then proceeded to bi-layer formation. After fabrication we will study electrical properties of HfO2 & Al2O3.Finally the experimental values measured from J–V characteristics will be compared with reported values. The improved electrical properties of the bi-layer (Al2O3-HfO2) & it’s charge capacitance without increase of leakage current is used for applications in DRAM.

    References:

    1. S. K. Kim, Y. Xuan, P. D. Ye, and S. Mohammadia, J. H. Back and Moonsub Shim Applied Physics Letters 90, 163108 (2007)

    2. Davinder Rathee Mukesh Kumar Sandeep K. Arya International Journal of Computer Applications (0975 – 8887) Volume 8– No.5, (October 2010)

    3. Chang Hyun Ko & Woo-Jin Lee J Solid State Electrochem (2007) 11:1391– Doi 10.1007/s10008-007-0359-4

    4. Han Liu and Peide D. Yea) Applied Physics Letters 99, 052108 (2011)

    5. M.D. Gronera, J.W. Elama, F.H. Fabreguettea, S.M. Georgea,b Thin Solid Films 413 (2002) 186–197

    6. M.D. Groner, S.M. George Chapter 10.qxd (7/11/03) 07:17 PM Page 327 Interlayer Dielectrics for Semiconductor Technologies Murarka, Eizenberg and Sinha (Eds.)

    7. K. Tapily,a,c, J. E. Jakes,d,e D. S. Stone,d,e P. Shrestha,a,c, D. Gu,a,c,,z H. Baumgart, a,c,and A. A. Elmustafab, c Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 155 _7_H545-H551 (2008)

    8. S. K. Kim, Y. Xuan, P. D. Ye, and S. Mohammadia, J. H. Back and Moonsub Shim Applied Physics Letters 90, 163108 (2007)

    9. Pinaki Laha a, A.B. Panda a, S. Dahiwale b, K. Date b, K.R. Patil c, P.K. Barhai a, A.K. Das d, I. Banerjee a, S.K. Mahapatra a, Thin Solid Films ( 519010) 1530–1535

    10. Kuan Yew Cheong,1,a_ Jeong Hyun Moon,2 Hyeong Joon Kim, 2 Wook Bahng,3 and Nam-Kyun Kim3 JOURNAL OF Applied Physics 103, 084113 (2008)

    11. Ming Dong1, Hao Wang, Cong Ye, Liangping Shen, Yi Wang, Jieqiong Zhang2 and Yun Ye2 Dong et al. Nanoscale Research Letters (2012), 7:31

    God in Everything

    Part-I

    We have seen how the greater portion of our life must of necessity be filled with evils, however may resist and that this mass of evil is practically almost infinite for us. We have been struggling to remedy this since the beginning of time, yet everything remains very much the same. The more we discover remedies, the more we find ourselves besets by subtler evils. We have also seen that all religions propose a God, as the one way of escaping these difficulties. All religions tell us that if you take the world as it is, as most practical people would advise us to do in this age, then nothing would be left to us but evil. They further assert that there is something beyond this world. This life in the five senses, life in the material world, is not all, it is only a small portion and merely superficial. Behind and beyond is the infinite in which there is no more evil. Some people call it god, some Allah, some Jehovah, Jove and so on.

    The Vedanta says that what all the religions advance is perfectly true, but it should be properly understood. Often it is misunderstood because the religions are not very clear in their meaning, what we really want is head and heart combined. We read at the commencement of one of the oldest of the Upanishads. Whatever exists in this universe is to be covered with the lord. He has to cover everything with the lord himself, not by a false sort of optimism, not by blinding our eyes to the evil, but by really seeing God in everything. Thus we have to give up the world, and when the world is given up, what remains? God. Just see the God in life and in death, in happiness and in misery, the lord is equally present. Give up, open your eyes and see that as such it never existed, it was a dream, and Maya, what existed was the Lord himself.

    Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

    Ms. Amita Subhash Yemtellu

    Acoustics – Energy and Vibrations

    Acoustics is the branch of science, that deals with the study of sound. The study includes the production, control, transmission, reception, and effects of sound. The term “acoustics” is derived from the Greek word akoustikos, meaning “audible.”

    Beginning with its origin in the study of mechanical vibrations and the radiation of these vibrations through mechanical waves, acoustics has had important applications in almost every area of life. It leads to fundamental development in the arts section, especially in the area of musical scales and instruments, which took place after long experimentation and observations by artists and which were later explained as theory by scientists. For example, much of what is known to us about architectural acoustics was actually learned by trial and error and was only recently formalized into a science.

    Other applications of acoustics technology are study of geologic, atmospheric, and underwater phenomena. Psychoacoustics, the study of the physical effects of sound on biological systems, which came in an interest when, Pythagoras first heard the sounds of vibrating strings and of hammers hitting anvils in the 6th century BC, but the application of modern ultrasonic technology has recently provided some of the most exciting developments in medicine. Even today, research continues into many aspects of the fundamental physical processes which involved waves and sound and its possible applications of these processes in today’s modern life.

    Blog on Nanotechnology

    Dr. Sachin R. Suryawanshi

    The introduction of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by Prof. Ijima,[1] followed by exponential rise in the research activities pertaining to synthesis and characterization of varieties of nanomaterials, development of novel devices based on these nanomaterials, has resulted in emergence of a new field termed as "Nanoscience and Nanotechnology". Although nanoscience might simply be seen as a natural progression from the sub-micron scale engineering responsible for the development of microelectronics and computing industries, it is not merely the trend towards higher levels of miniaturization. Moreover, the wealth of novel physical, chemical and biological behavior exhibited by virtue of the nanometric dimensions makes nanoscience fundamentally exciting and technologically relevant area of research. Instead of dealing with an ‘infinitely’ extended solid or individual atoms and molecules, nanoscience is concerned with the properties, interactions and processing of units containing a countable number of atoms[1-4].

    The nanomaterials have steadily attracted growing interest due to their exotic physico-chemical properties, as well as novel characteristics originating from their morphologies. For instance, one of the striking properties of nanomaterials is variation in their ‘electronic’ properties as per the shape, size and overall dimensions. Generally, structures with at least one dimension between 1 and 100 nm are called nanostructures. Various attempts are being made to produce different types of nanostructures. The variation of property (ies) at nanoscale in contrast to bulk may be broadly attributed to two reasons. This can make materials more chemically reactive (in some cases materials that are inert in their bulk form extremely become reactive when produced in nanoscale form), and significantly enhance their mechanical properties. Second, the quantum effects begin to dominate at the nanoscale, affecting the optical, electrical and magnetic behavior of materials. The nanostructures can be divided based on their shapes into three categories, viz, zero-dimensional (0D) also termed as quantum dots (QDs), one-dimensional (1D) when they are elongated (eg. nanotubes, nanowires, etc), two-dimensional (2D) when they are planar (eg. nanobelts, nanosheets etc.) and three-dimensional (3D) e.g. nanoparticles, nanospheres, etc.

    Blog on Nanotechnology
    Blog on Nanotechnology

    There are a large number of new opportunities to tailor the physico-chemical properties by down-sizing the existing materials to nanometric dimensions and/or explore new types of nanostructures. Therefore rational design and fabrication of nanostructures, as building blocks or functional materials is a key towards tailoring their physico-chemical properties for specific applications in micro-nanoelectronics, optics, biomedicines, catalysis, etc. Furthermore, a unique set of properties can be achieved via fabrication of heterostructures comprised of two distinct nanostructures. Such a new class of nanometrichetero structures exhibit remarkable properties that are usually not exhibited by the individual nanostructured components. The formation of heterostructure with components having different functionalities with favorable band alignment can not only lead to a functional integration of the properties of their counterparts, but also to novel interface effects and phenomena.

    Although the synthesis of 1D nanostructures with controllable composition and structures has progressed significantly during past decades, synthesis of 1D binary oxide heterostructures still remains a challenge. The semiconducting oxides nanostructures are known for their broad range of electronic and optical properties and have therefore attracted scientific attention for several years. As a consequence, heterostructures of such metal oxides (semiconducting oxides) can be realized for diverse applications. In addition to various applications of nanostructures and/or heterostructures such as photdetectors, photocatalysts, solar cells, gas sensors, and superacapacitors, the field emission based application in vacuum mirco-nanoelectronic devices is one of the important technological advancements.

    1.7 References and Notes

    [1] E. M. Sandoval J. Nanopar. Res. 2014, 16, 2152

    [2] F. C. Adamsa, C. Barbante,Spectrochim. Acta, Part B 2013, 86, 1 3-13

    [3] E. L. Wolf Nanophysics and Nanotechnology: An Introduction to Modern Concepts in Nanoscience, 2008, ISBN: 978-3-527-61898-9, 308.

    [4] G. M. Whitesides, Small, 2004, 1, 172–179

    INTERVENTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION SYSTEM

    Mrs. Anjumara Ramjan Mulla,
    March 21, 2022

    Technology has a great impact in almost every aspect of life today, and education is no exception. In some ways, education seems much the same as it has been for many years. In early 1900’s Rabindranath Tagore school in Shantniiketan. The scene is easily recognizable because of its parallels to the modern day. The teacher lectures from a stage at the front the students sit in rows and listen. Some of the students have books open in front of them and appear to be following the teacher. A few look bored. Some are talking to their neighbors. One appears to be fighting with his things.
    Classrooms today do not look much different, though you might find modern students involved in their laptops, tablets, or smart phones instead of books (though probably open to Facebook). A critic would say that technology has done nothing to change education.

    INTERVENTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION SYSTEM However, in many ways, technology has profusely changed education. For one, technology has greatly expanded access to education to all. In medieval times, books were rare, teachers were insufficient and only an elite few had access to educational opportunities. Individuals had to travel to centers of learning to a long distance to get an education. Today, massive amounts of information (books, audio, images, videos) are available at one’s fingertips through the Internet, and opportunities for formal learning are available online worldwide through the Khan Academy, MOOCs, podcasts, traditional online degree programs, and many more sites. Access to learning opportunities today is unprecedented in scope thanks to technology.

    INTERVENTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION SYSTEM Opportunities for communication and collaboration have also been enhanced by technology. Traditionally, classrooms have been relatively isolated, and collaboration has been limited or negligible to other students in the same classroom or building. Today, technology enables forms of communication and collaboration which was unimaginable in the past. Students in a classroom in the rural India. for example, can learn about the Arctic by following the expedition of a team of scientists in the region, read scientists’ blog posting, view photos, e-mail questions to the scientists, and even talk live with the scientists via a videoconference. Pupil can share what they are learning with students in other classrooms in other states who are tracking the same expedition. Students can collaborate on group projects using technology-based tools such as wikipidea and Google docs. The walls of the classrooms are no longer a barrier as technology enables innovative ways of learning, communicating, and working in collaboration.

    Technology has also begun to change the roles of teachers, instructors and learners. In the traditional classroom, the teacher is the primary source of information, and the learners passively receive it. This model of the teacher as the “sage on the stage” has been in education for a long time and hugely respected, and it is still very much in evidence today. However, because of the access to information and educational opportunity that technology has enabled, in many classrooms today we see the teacher’s role shifting to the “guide on the side” or education as a process of symbiosis, as students take more responsibility for their own learning using technology to gather relevant information. Schools and universities across the country are beginning to redesign learning places to enable this new model of education, emphasize more interaction and small group work, and use technology as a medium.

    INTERVENTION OF TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION SYSTEM Technology is a powerful tool that can support and transform education in many ways, from making it easier for teachers to create instructional materials or teaching aids to enabling new ways for people to learn and work together. With the worldwide reach of the Internet and the availability of smart devices that can connect to it, a new age of anytime anywhere education is freshly dawning. It will be up to instructional designers and educational technologies to make the most of the opportunities provided by technology to change education so that effective and efficient education is available to everyone everywhere irrespective of any social barrier.

    Mrs. Anjumara Ramjan Mulla,
    March 21, 2022


    Let's work on Positivity

    Various sorts of worship we see in this world. The sick man is very worshipful to God. There is a man who loses his fortune; he also prays very much to get money. The highest worship is that of the man who loves God for God's sake. Then question arise as how to attain purity living this life? Shall we all go to the forest caves? If the mind is not under control, it is no use living in a cave because same mind will bring all disturbances there. We will find multiple devils in the cave because all the devils are in the mind. If the mind is under control, he can have the cave anywhere, wherever we are.

    It is our own mental attitude which makes the world what it is for us. Our thoughts makes things beautiful, our thoughts make things ugly. The whole world is in our minds. Learn to see things in the Proper light. First, believe on this world that there is meaning behind everything. And everything in the world is good, holy and beautiful. This world is a play. You are his playmates. Go on and work, without any sorrow, without any misery. Serve the living God comes to you in the blind, poor, weak and diabolical. The moment you think you are ‘helping’, you undo the whole thing and degrade yourself. Then work is no more slaver. It becomes a play and joy itself. Be unattached, work and not take results.

    By Mr.S.N.Patil,
    Principal, SBPCSC

    Society and Education.

    The Education which does not help the common mass of people to equip themselves for the struggle for life, which does not bring out strength of characters, is it worth the name? Real education is that which enables one to stand on one's own legs. The education that you are receiving now in schools and colleges is only making you a race of dyspeptics. You are working like machines merely.

    Getting by heart the thoughts of others in a foreign language, and stuffing your brain with them and taking some university degrees, you consider yourself educated? Is this education? What is the goal of your education? What good will it do you or the country at large? Open your eyes and see what a piteous cry for food is rising in the land of Bharata, proverbial for its wealth. Will your education fulfill this requirement?

    We want that education by which character is formed strength of mind is increased & the intellect is expanded. Set yourselves to the task of spreading education among the masses. Kindle their knowledge with the help of modern science. Man is first to be saved, he must be given food, education and spirituality.

    When there is a conflict between the heart and the brain let the heart be followed. It is the heart which takes one to the highest plane, which intellect can ever reach, it goes beyond intellect, and reaches to what is called inspiration. I am seeing daily a glorious and wonderful future in my mental visions, take greatest care if these young ones on whom our future depends.

    By Mr.S.N.Patil,
    Principal, SBPCSC

    THE SCIENCE OF HAPPINESS

    One cannot be constantly happy especially without basis. Happiness is often seen as a state of mind without worries or negative emotions. Till date we don't have a universal definition of happiness. In Some eastern models, happiness is associated with peace of mind and inner harmony. Similarly, we also have Indian perspectives on happiness such as sat-chit-anand which lead to anandamay - a state of mind. Our research shows that there are different components to people's view of happiness, be it positive emotions, life satisfaction, healthy family ties, work and accomplishment of favorable outlook (optimism). Absence of any significant health or Social Problem can help in achieving happiness.

    -For sheer happiness, even our actions are equally important. Ex: - gratitude expression, forgiveness and helping others may make you feel happy. So, our thoughts, emotions and actions are important, as are external factors. Enjoying time together receiving support, and making a social contribution are all important predictors of well being and was being state of mind leads to be happy. Happiness is the full blossoming and freedom of an individual, who having shed anxieties and unnecessary fears lives with a Sense of purpose committed to a goal larger than oneself, feeling a sense of purpose, meaning and connection, with moments of joy & awe. The healthier someone is, the happier they are and the happier they are, the healthier they are. Regular physical exercise increases happiness.

    By Mr.S.N.Patil,
    Principal, SBPCSC

    CHARACTER BUILDING

    Money does not pay, nor name, fame does not pay, nor learning. It is love that pays; it is character that cleaves its way through adamantine walls of difficulties.

    Be moral, be brave, be a heart- whole man, don’t bother your head with religious theories. Cowards only sin, brave men never, no, not even in mind. Try to love anybody and everybody. No religion for you, but morality and bravery. Nothing else is necessary but sincerity and patience.

    The road to the good is the roughest and steepest in the universe. It is wondered that so many succeed, no wonder that so many fall. characters has to be established through a thousands stumbles. Therefore, stand up, be bold, and be strong. Take the whole responsibility on your own shoulders and know that you are the creator of your own destiny. The miseries of the world cannot be cured by Physical help only. Until man's nature changes, these physical needs will always arise, and miseries will always be felt and no amount of physical help will cure them completly. The only solution of this problem is to make mankind pure.

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    KEEP HOPE ALIVE, IT’S THE ONLY WAY FORWARD

    -In every challenging time in life hope is the only way forward. Remember that everything around us is constantly changing. Everything here is temporary. Always think that this phase will pass as others in the past have. Nature never gives us a problem that cannot be handled. There is an energy that is always caring for you. When you connect with this loving, benevolent force, fear vanishes and you develop immense strength and depth.

    -When worried and stressed the body immunity drops, making us more vulnerable. Science says when we panic, the “AMYGDALA”, the emotional management mechanism of the brain, gets hijacked. What creates panic is the fear of losing control of life and the future outcome of actions reflect on your own life and be grateful for the courage that helped you overcome life’s challenges. Gratitude expands our consciousness. Blame games and complaints deplete it. Have the faith that every experience in life, good or bad, helps you to grow.

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    Towards the happiness

    Gulzar, a famous lyricist said – Is it possible to find a Universal definition of happiness or even define it? It is the feeling that holds the meaning, not the fact of its existence .It’s a need for nations to enable their citizens to experience the full blossoming of their freedoms ,to shed their anxiety and fears, and to live a life with a sense of purpose committed to a good larger than oneself to attain happiness.

    What sh. Dalai lama said-

    The purpose of life is to be happy. The key to happiness is peace of mind. This is not something that can be bought .We need to learn to distinguish the destructive nature of emotions like anger fear and attachment which disturb our peace of mind, from the positive qualities of compassion that are genuine sources of happiness.
    The ultimate sources of happiness is a mental feeling of joy. and not a wealth of material goods.
    If a person is happier, his or her family is happier, if families are happy ,neighborhoods and nations will be happy.

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    Towards the happiness

    We are born happy as a child, but some how struggle to hold on to this blissful state as we grow older. True happiness is a blissful state of mind.Till the time we identify ourselves with our body, mind and possessions, we are bound to be caught in the web of fear, illusion, attachment and ego.

    We tend to take things for granted, expecting more and more, which becomes a reason for our misery, oxygen for instance, was never taken as serious a blessing as it was when we faced it’s shortage during the COVID-19 pandemic. We need to be thankful for the in finite gifts we already have. Gratitude bestows immense happiness, both to the giver and receiver when offered with a pure heart. This kind of offering becomes “Seva” selfless service, rather than invoking a feeling of ego or arrogance.

    The second aspect that disturbs our happiness is hatred and animosity towards others. When we become aware of our true identity, which is beyond our cast, colour, race, religion or nationality, all of the above vices vanish, giving way to pure love and compassion.

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    Education-at a glance

    In India,we often tend to focus disproportionately on academic success alone, which is a subset of the far larger universe of Education is not about academic success alone,it is journey of self discovery,as well as discovery of the world that we inhibit.A good education is the most basic form of empowerment in life.It makes a person self –reliant, sensitive towards the laws and the constitution.

    Education helps a person to understand himself /herself better, it help to realise potential and qualities as a human being. Education, in fact,transformsan individual into a cultured human being .Students learn not only from the academic curriculum but also learn social rules and expectations from interactions with other.

    Children develop in all respects as they grow physically and mentally . Education differentiate human being from the other species by education. Education is a foundation for the development and progress of any society. It is a base upon which the whole edifice of human development stands.

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    मोह क्षणाचा

    एका शाळेतील एक शिक्षक सेवानिवृत्त झाले.तेंव्हा शासनाने तालुक्यातीलच एका नविन शिक्षकाची नेमणूक केली.ते शिक्षक त्या शाळेत रुजू होण्यासाठी एस.टी.बसने निघाले,कंडक्टरला पैसे दिले.आणि तो जागेवर बसला.कंडक्टरने तिकिटाचे पैसे घेतले व उरलेली रक्कम शिक्षकाला परत केली.तेंव्हा त्याच्या असे लक्षात आले की,त्यात 10 रु जास्त आले आहेत.

    दुर्बद्धी ते मना।कदा नुपजे नारायणा।।{तु}

    शिक्षकांने असा विचार केला की आता कंडक्टर घाईत आहे.आपण थोड्या वेळाने पैसे परत करुया,काही वेळ झाला तरी कंडक्टर अजुनही कामातच होता.शिक्षकाच्या मनात दुसर्यंदा विचार आला की ,कंडक्टर घाईतच आहे.तर त्याला 10 रु परत केले काय अन नाही काय त्याला काय फरक पडेल?10 रु आपणास लाभ झाला असे समजू.आपण याचा काहीतरी सदुपयोग करु.

    शिक्षकाच्या मनात असे द्वंद्व चालु असतानाच शाळेचे गाव आले.एस.टी.तून उतरताना अचानक शिक्षकाचा हात खिशाकडे गेला.आणि त्यातून 10 रुपयाची नोट बाहेर आली व कंडक्टरला परत केली.व शिक्षक म्हणाले,अहो!तुम्ही मला घाईगडबडीत 10 रु जास्त दिले होते.

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    Acharya Devo Bhava

    Learning is never –ending process and the best teacher don’t give you the answer ,they spark within you the desire to find the answer yourself.

    विनयफल शुश्रूषा गुरुशुश्रूषाफल श्रू तं ज्ञानम |
    ज्ञानस्य फलं विरती : विरतीफल चाक्षवनिरोध :||

    It means Modesty yields serice , service to the Guru yields knowledge, knowledge yields detachment and detachment yields salvation.

    विनय का फल सेवा है, गुरुसेवा का फल ज्ञान है ,
    ज्ञान का फल विरक्ती है ,और विरक्ती
    का फल बंधनमुक्ती तथा मोक्ष है |

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    TRY PRAYER POWER

    Dear Readers,

    Every problem can solved and solved right if youpray. Disability ,tension and kindred troubles may result from a lack of inner harmony .It is remarkable how pray restores the harmonious functioning of body and soul.It is rightly said that you can’t meet man physically healthy until you get him spiritually healthy. Prayer is the greatest power available to the individual in solving human personal problems.Prayer power is manifestation of energy.

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    HOW TO GET CONSTANT ENERGY

    God is the ultimate source ofall energy –energy in the universe and spiritual energy. Really every form of energy drives from the creator.

    Increasingly people are realizing that the maintenance of a sound spiritual life is important in enjoyingenergy and personality force. The body designed to produce all needed energy over body from the standpoint of proper diet, exercise ,slip amazinglylong period of time.If the individual taken reasonable care ,no physical abuse ,the body will produce and maintain astonishing energy and sustain itself in good health. If person gives attention to a well balanced emotional life, energy will be conserved .But if individual allows energy leaks caused by hereditary or self imposedemotional reaction of debilitating nature ,person will be lacking in vital force. The natural state of the individual when body ,mind and spirit work harmoniously is that of a continuous replacement of necessary energy.

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    “POSITIVE EMOTIONS AS PRODUCT OF SPIRITUAL WAY”

    Positive emotions enhance and enrich the motivational and emotional resources.

    Negative emotions solve problems of threat and survival whereas positive emotions solve problems concerning personal growth and development, as it brings about enduring and refreshing personal resources.

    Positive emotions further result in the development of optimism, identify and goal orientation, social resources like strengthening of bonds of relations, developing coordination and health.

    A spiritual person, filled with positive emotions become more creative and highly successful in the leading process. The beauty of the positive emotion is that surpasses the limitation set by the self.

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    Spectrum of life during covid-19 outbreak

    Dear Readers,

    It’s a tough time for me at the outset of lockdown as how to manage free time at home since world has not prepared at all to cope up with this worst situation.

    After few days, I realised and said myself this time testing span of life requires to keep your sanity alive despite of all the uncertainty.

    I began to obsess this free space with spiritual, social and to improve professional activities. It includes reading of multiple spiritual based books(once I have decided to read these books during retirement days),communication with old friends ,relatives, family members along balancing with jobs, roles and responsibilities(work from home).Of course to listen and crooning good songs and music is a fulcrum of my life every time. I always felt that present situation is freedom in times of uncertainty and unseen fear. But show must go on.

    A renowned Saint said “Change is the unchanging law of life”. If we are prepared for the unexpected and the unknown, then we can turn any adversity into an opportunity and any failure into success.

    It is not a time of dejection, frustration or unproductive worry. Believe your mind(mental health) .It can support in worsen situation and therefore just ensure that our mind should be in sound state and free from prior impression and core contamination.

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    How to create your own happiness

    Who decides whether you shall be happy or unhappy? The answer you do. You can be unhappy if you want to be. Simple, just choose unhappiness ,go around telling yourself that things aren’t going well, nothing is satisfactory ,and you can be quite sure of being unhappy .But say to yourself. “Things are going nicely .Life is good .I choose happiness ”and you can be quite sure of being happy.

    To become a happy person ,one must have a clean soul out of the happiness habit comes a happy life .And because we can cultivate a habit ,we therefore have the power to create our own happiness .Many of us manufacture our own happiness. The unhappiness –producing process always makes important use of to ingredients of fear and worry. Make a list of Happy thoughts and pass them through your mind several times everyday .If an unhappiness thought should enter your mind ,immediately stop ,consciously eject it ,and substitute a happiness thought .When awake you from bed ,say loudly this sentence – “I feel good physically and mentally and emotionally at is wonderful to be alive .I thank god for every good thing .Happiness is a sincere expression of compassion and tenderness.

    This life bubbled up in an irrepressible effervescence .This is the secret of happiness. All else is secondary.

    By, Mr.S.N.Patil
    Principal, SBPCSC